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Migration News and Policy Report

26.11.19 - 3.12.19

Week In Summary
Concerns over the dangers of migration through the winter continue to rise, as temperatures drop and migrant arrivals show no signs of slowing. EU Countries have taken a variety of measures to stem migration flows, including tightening border security in Cyprus and limiting work permits in Italy. Internationally, progress was made in Africa this week with Somalia's signing of the Kampala Convention. However, in the US, migration policy is causing concern among human rights advocates as asylum seekers are returned to unsafe conditions in Mexico while they await their hearings.

If you are looking to enhance your knowledge of migration beyond the news, check out the most recent edition of the IOM's World Migration Report- released this week- or watch a film celebrated by the Global Migration Film Festival.

* Since our intern Erin who prepared the reviews is, unfortunately, leaving us this week, we will interrupt the sending of reviews in the upcoming weeks while looking for new interns or a more sustainable format to maintain an information service with the existing capacities. We would also like to greatly thank Erin for her incredible work.
To continue informing yourself on developments in the field of migration in the meantime, we recommend the following sources: IOM News, UNHCR News, Ekathimerini, and BBC's Europe's Migrant Crisis, and InfoMigrants


 TOP STORIES

EUROPEAN POLICY: Czech Republic Opposes Germany's EU Migration Proposal
INTERNATIONAL POLICY: Somalia Adopts Kampala Convention
MIGRATION NEWS: Migrant Deaths in the Mediterranean on the Rise

 EUROPEAN POLICY

Czech Republic to Oppose Any EU Asylum Policy that Includes Migrant Quotas

Expats CZ - 27 November 2019

Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš and Foreign Minister Jan Hamáček announced that they are in disagreement with the new German proposal to update the EU Asylum policy and do away with the Dublin System. The new proposal includes a plan to screen migrants at their first point of entry, and redistribute them accordingly throughout the EU. Rather than taking months to process, German policy advocates argue that asylum applications under the new system would take a few weeks at most. The proposal will be presented to interior ministers of the EU for review next week.

Read the full article here

"We strongly refuse the redistribution of migrants and we also refuse the quotas." -Prime Minister Babis

Work Permit Cuts Denounced in Italy

ANSA - 27 November 2019

A recent report by the Foundation Leone Moressa, a research foundation which specializes in economy of migration, announced that Italian migration policy has resulted in an increase in undocumented and irregular migration. The foundation reported an increase in irregular migrants by over 100,000 people from 2018 to 2019, in accordance with a decrease in work permits beginning in 2011 and extending through the present. Calling on Italy to increase the number of work permits, the foundation challenged the misconception that foreign workers steal jobs from Italian nationals.

Read the full article here

"...the highest number of immigrants residing in Italy mainly hail from Romania (1.2 million), Albania (440,000), Morocco (420,000), China (300,000)... which are not nationalities involved in migration flows across the Mediterranean."

Cyprus to Tighten Controls on Crossings Across Ethnic Divide

Ekathimerini - 27 November 2019

According to a Cyprus' interior minster, Constantinos Petrides, the Cypriot government will be instituting additional controls to prevent irregular border crossings at nine checkpoints along the UN-monitored buffer zone. Petrides noted that third-country nationals who enter Cyprus through its northern third will not be allowed into the southern portion of the state. The law does not apply to Greek Cypriots, Turkish Cypriots, and citizens of EU states.

Read the full article here

"EU-member Cyprus says it's struggling to cope with a recent migrant influx."

 INTERNATIONAL POLICY 

UNHCR Welcomes Somalia's Ratification of the Kampala Convention

UNHCR - 27 November 2019

Somalia, a nation with the fourth largest population of IDPs internationally, signed the African Union (AU) Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced People in Africa, also known as the Kampala Convention, on 26 November 2019. Somalia became the 30th AU member state to ratify the convention, which came into existence ten years ago in 2009. The convention is currently the world's only regional, legally binding instrument ensuring the protection of IDPs. 

Read the full article here

"The ratification of the Kampala Convention cements the Government's commitment to the millions of highly vulnerable internally displaced people living in Somalia, and to find solutions for the issue of displacement." -Johann Siffointe, UNHCR Somalia Representative

Migrant Families Have Sent Roughly 135 Children Across the US-Mexico Border Alone, US Government Says

CNN - 26 November 2019

Approximately 135 unaccompanied minors have been identified as migrants that originally arrived at the sourthern border with their families, but were returned to Mexico to await their formal asylum proceedings. Under the new Trump administration "Migrant Protection Protocols" policy, adult migrants are forced to "Remain in Mexico" while their cases are processed; children are exempt form this policy. As a result, many families have sent their children across the border alone, citing a fear for their safety in Mexico.

Read the full article here

"Until Congress acts with targeted legislative fixes that allow Department of Homeland Security to safety return (unaccompanied minors) to noncontiguous countries or hear their asylum claims before making the journey, parents will continue to use their children to exploit legal vulnerabilities in our immigration system." -US Department of Homeland Security Spokesperson

 MIGRATION NEWS

Deaths Rise on Central Mediterranean with Latest Lampedusa Tragedy

IOM - 26 November 2019

21 are reported dead after a ship carrying 170 migrants bound for Europe capsized on Saturday (23.11.19). The group of migrants, coming from Libya, included 26 minors. The IOM notes that this is one case in a recent influx of ships leaving Libya and crossing the Mediterranean; there were at least 12 boats intercepted or rescued from the Mediterranean over the last week. According to the Ministry of the Interior in Italy, 610 migrants arrived by sea over a period of four days, between 21-24 November 2019. 

Read the full article here

World Migration Report 2020 Launched

IOM - 27 November 2019

This week, the IOM released its tenth edition of the World Migration Report, a flagship report that has been continuously updated and improved over the last 20 years. The 2020 edition includes topics such as the impact of climate change on migration, contributions of migrants to social well being, migration of children and unaccompanied minors, health, and more. The IOM prides itself on the quality of the content, noting that the publication has been peer-reviewed by leading researchers in the field of migration studies.

Read the IOM's announcement here

Read the full Migration Report 2020 (WMR 2020) here.

"...the WMR 2020 is key to meeting the growing demand for evidence-based, high-quality research on this issue, while also helping to debunk the 'fake news' and misinformation designed to influence public and political discourse."

113 Syrian Refugees Arrive in Italy from Lebanon

ANSA - 29 November 2019 

Through the civil society project, Humanitarian Corridors, 113 Syrians, including 50 minors, were resettled from Lebanon to Italy on Wednesday (11.27.19). Humanitarian Corridors is a self-funded project, cosponsored by Comunità di Sant'Egidio, the Federation of Protestant Churches in Italy, and the Waldensian Church. The project represents a successful cooperation of church and state. Thus far, the project has provided 1,800 refugees with a "safe way of arriving in Italy".

Read the full article here


 MIGRANT VOICES

Darfur Refugee Celebrates Degree

ANSA - 9 September 2019

Ahmed Musa was awarded a degree from the University of Turin in Italy after completing his dissertation on Human rights in Darfur. Musa, a Sudanese refugee, had escaped Darfur after he was imprisoned and tortured while his father and six siblings were killed. During Musa's five year journey trying to escape from Sudan, he spent three years in Libya. Musa now resides in Italy, where he hopes to continue his studies in pursuit of a PhD.

Read Ahmed Musa's story here

"Studying... is a way to prove that no one can destroy the will of another person." -Ahmed Musa

MIGRATION & THE MEDIA

Global Migration Film Festival

IOM - 29 November - 18 December 2019

The IOM is pleased to bring you 21 days of migration programming. Since 2016, the IOM and UNHCR have cosponsored the Global Migration Film Festival (GMFF) in order to depict the struggles of migrants alongside the hope and prosperity that arises through successful relocation and integration. This year's festival theme is titled, "The Promise and Challenge of Migration, and the Positive Contributions Migrants Make to Their New Communities."

Find more information on the festival here.

Selected films include:

#387
Angkar
Buoyancy
Grand H
Hayati (My Life)
I Migrati
In Times of Rain
Jovens Polacas
Les Statues De Fortaleza
Maelstrom
Morabeza, the Force of Movement
Named Like a Flower
One Way Ticket
Shelter, Farewell to Eden
Strange Fish
Stranger in Paradise
The Climate Limbo
The Lost Cafe
The Tower
This is Home
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