NCA July Newsletter 2018 

Although everything has been done to ensure the accuracy of the following information, the NCA takes no responsibility for actions or losses that might occur due to the usage of this information.

IMPORTANT EVENTS: Charcoal Conference, AGM & Expo
Namibia Charcoal Association presents, 2018 Charcoal Conference, AGM & Expo with guest speaker: Burre Burger. The event will take place on the 10th of August 2018 at 08:00 at the Otijwa safari Lodge in Namibia. Be sure to get your tickets today! If interested please contact Roelien at or at 081 386 5663
Why Become a Member of Namibia Charcoal Association (NCA)?
As a membership Association, the NCA offers the following support services to the charcoal industry in Namibia:
  • Identification of new markets.
  • Introduction of new technology.
  • Managing relationships with Government and playing an advocacy role.
  • Advising on recommended sales prices.
  • Putting in place an effective structure.
  • Setting up a sustainable financial model.
  • Setting up a labour database.
  • Providing labour advice.
  • Defining acceptable minimum wage.
  • Collecting and disseminating industry information.
  • Marketing and promotion of the industry.

It provides the following benefits to its members:
•    The NCA is an instrument to negotiate with authorities on regulatory requirements.
•    The NCA creates an environment conducive to good relationship amongst laborer’s, producers, processors and international buyers.
•    The NCA strives to create a network to efficiently deliver a one-stop service to its stakeholders and customers.
•    The NCA is involved in creating uniform standards to the benefit of all stakeholders and customers.
•    Through uniform standards better prices can be negotiated internationally.
•    Annual charcoal conference to stay abreast of latest technology and industry trends.

Want to become a member of the NCA?
Follow the button below or contact us via our website.
Become a member
Progress of the Kiln Project
  • Mr. Mike Timmerman of Belgium did a project to test and compare the new kiln with different retorts in Namibia. The report can be found on the NCA’s website.
  • Kiln/Retort Development - The retort was developed by an ideal X and a demonstration took place on the August 2017 AGM of the NCA. Unfortunately, the retort needed further development and was not approved.
  • Development retorts - A TOR was advertised for applicants to showcase their retort near Okahandja, a pre-approval of at least 2 retorts will take place near Okahandja, thereafter 3 of each will be build and tested at Okahandja, Outjo and Otavi. A smoke test will be done on the final retort and Nam kiln or retorts.
FSC Group Scheme
Mr. Michal Bring will be the developer and Mr. Stephan Bezuidenhout the group manager. N-Bic will form part of the testing of the system on a farm for wood. Mr. Progress from Das will take part for testing of the program as commercial area and upcoming farmers will also form part of the project.
Namibia Retort Charcoal
Approximately 28 million hectares of commercial and communal land in Namibia are affected, resulting in a loss of botanical and mammalian diversity, as well as a lower water table. All these factors lead to an increase in artificial droughts.

The Agricultural Sector in Namibia employs approximately 25% of the total workforce. The negative effects of bush encroachment have detrimentally affected livestock farming in particular. For example, commercial cattle numbers have fallen from 2.4 million in 1958 to just 800,000 in 2012, having a knock-on effect throughout the economy. The Namibian government estimates economic losses caused by bush encroachment at N$1,6 billion (US$ 128 million) per year.

Charcoal Facts l Greencoal

Natural charcoal is:

product formed during the heating of wood without access (or with limited access) of air in furnaces and  retorts (sometimes in campfires as well). Depending on the type of wood, 1 m3 yields 140-180kg of coal, 280-400 kg of liquid products, and nearly 80 kg of fuel gas. The heat of combustion of wood charcoal is 30,000-35,000 kJ/kg (7,000-8,100 kcal/kg). The density of birch coal is 380 kg/m3. Pines (300kg/m3) and spruces (260kg/m3) yield less dense coal.


Wood charcoal is:
widely used in the production of crystalline silicon, carbon disulfide, activatedcarbon, and electrocarbon articles and as fuel for domestic use.


The difference between natural Charcoal and Wood charcoal is:

The high porosity of wood charcoal is responsible for its significant adsorption properties. At normal temperature wood charcoal is capable of combining with the oxygen in air; this is the reason for cases of spontaneous combustion of wood charcoal. The moisture content of wood charcoal unloaded from furnaces and retorts is 2-4 percent. During storage, the moisture content rises to 7-15 percent. The ash content of charcoal should not exceed 3 percent and the content of volatiles, not more than 20 percent. A distinctive feature of wood charcoal is thelow content of such admixtures as phosphorus and sulfur, which makes it indispensable in some metallurgical processes.

De-Bushing Advisory Service Namibia
We are in Ovitoto for a Farmers Information Day together with Namibia Biomass Industry Group, Agri-Advisory Service and Directorate of Forestry to learn more on the challenges of land degradation in this community specifically on bush encroachment and propose suited solutions at community level.
What are the Economic Benefits for Namibia of an Encroacher Bush Biomass Power Plant near Tsumeb?
Over past years, NamPower and other partners have been exploring and realizing the renewable energy potential of Namibia. One of these sources of renewable energy is biomass from encroacher bush, the removal of which provides more than only a source of energy but also sustainable employment opportunities, environmental benefits and other advantages. So, what specifically are these micro and macroeconomic benefits of an encroacher bush biomass power plant? Find all the details in this Policy Brief of GIZ Bush Control and Biomass Utilization Project. For the full study and other information resources, visit
Tonnage Chart
Pest control: Fanus Coetzee
081 127 4462
Werner Gouws
  • 2nd hand interwoven bags
  • 2nd hand 50kg interwoven bag @ N$ 3.00 incl Vat
  • 2nd hand 1 ton bag @ N$ 85.00 incl Vat
  • · New interwoven bags
  • Interwoven wood bags 10kg @ N$ 2.50 / bag incl Vat
  • Plastic wood bags
  • Plastic wood bags 5kg (400x550x75mic) @ N$ 260 / 250 incl Vat
  • Plastic wood bags 10kg (400x750x80mic) @ N$ 378.00 / 250 incl Vat
  • Stitching machines & twine
  • GL 7 stitching machine electric @ N$ 7,775.95 incl Vat
  • GL 7 stitching machine battery operated (need 12V battery) @ N$ 7,650.00 incl Vat
  • Twine polo 80/3 500m @ N$ 14.00 incl Vat / roll
Transport Assistance
For transport assistance contact the numbers in the image provided. 
Ubuntu Retirement Fund
Tel: + 264 61 250331
Fax: + 264 61 250337
Cell: + 264 85 5740991

For Agricultural & industrial designs and school furniture
Contact: Johan Theron
Cell: 081 124 1916
Tel: +264 67 307 489
Blue Diamond Transport
Tel:  063 224 668
Fax: 063 226 455
Cell: 081 124 6650

Ombengu Bushroller
Renewable Energy & Biomass production

AlfaCharcoal Nambia
ALFA PETRA MK1 Carboniser Retort
Complete carbonising unit for the production of charcoal from wood pieces with a maximum size of 300 mm. The wood is loaded into retorts, permanently placed inside the carboniser.  The carbonised holds 4 retorts at the same time. The energy which is released from the retorts during carbonisation is led to the opposite retort and used to heat the wood unto the level where carbonisation begins. By discharging the retorts alternately, the carboniser does not require any external heat source.

Rated Output: 1000 to 1200 tonnes of charcoal per year, based on 8000 operating hours per year with the carboniser operating its 4 retorts in full. The maximum moisture content of the wood must be 25%w. b or less and the density of the wood is based on hardwood.

Weight:    50,000 kg per unit

Dimensions: 7060*5210*7060 mm (l*w*h), excluding staircase and conveyor belt.

Charcoal Industry - A Major Contributor to GDP

WINDHOEK – The Namibian charcoal industry last year recorded more growth, earning N$184.8 million from N$168 million in 2016, making Namibia the fifth largest exporter of charcoal in the world. The sector employs between 5 000 and 6 000 workers, and experts forecast a four-fold growth that could lead to the creation of between 15 000 and 20 000 jobs within the next few years. There are about 240 active producers, 6,000 people employed both directly and indirectly. The annual production is about 85,000 – 100 000 tonnes of which 99 percent is for barbeque. Although Namibia has a growing charcoal industry, local demand is insignificant compared to exports with firewood still dominating barbeque.

After production, 50 percent of charcoal is packed into 50kg bags and exported to the Republic of South Africa (RSA). Methods of productions are labour intensive and working conditions are often not satisfactory. The regulatory framework is not robust enough to stop illegal harvesting, nor strengthen permit regulations and these increases the problem of lack of business orientation, quality consciousness and long marketing chains. The industry, if well-regulated, could potentially employ 20 000 people and an extra 2 000 in other parts of the value chain. It has a lower investment requirement, especially with inputs such as water and electricity.

The world market is also increasingly under supplied and Namibia’s industry can fill this niche with possible production estimates around 100 000 – 400 000 tonnes in 10 years. Considering the environmental sustainability, a suitable legislative framework for workers, farmers, producers and the economy will be advisable.

Research shows that the charcoal industry is one of the booming sectors in Namibia. This is also a sector which is highly contested due to its nature of production (i.e. safety of workers and environmental and social impact). Moreover, the industry plays a critical role in de-bushing, and it is forecast that with its growth up to 200 000 hectares could be de-bushed annually. To date, a report containing the recommendations of a pilot of new/improved technology exists, which started in January 2017. This is a very special and important event designed to create camaraderie and involvement among all role-players in the charcoal and wood industry. One of the key objectives is to improve current steel drum kiln technology to reduce smoke emission, reduce health risks as well as improving charcoal conversion rates. The industry also aims to expand and diversify target markets. Currently, the major markets for Namibian charcoal are South Africa, the United Kingdom, Angola, Greece and Germany.

WWF: Market Analysis Charcoal: The Dirty Business of Charcoal

What a BBQ-fan in Germany rarely thinks about: the charcoal sold in Germany, is predominantly imported and over 70% comes from Poland, the Ukraine, Nigeria and Paraguay.

A significant amount of the charcoal that comes from Poland was also imported and comes from the Ukraine and Nigeria (84%). In 2017 the WWF led a market analysis on the topic; charcoal in Germany, which is the same topic that is being analyzed this year. 2018 came into being with the WWF market analysis in close collaboration with an ARD-Production (first issue on 2 July 2018: “The story in first – The dirty business of charcoal”).

The ARD- and the WWF – investigations point towards how big the risk of overexploitation and even illegal charcoal production is in connection to Germany. A polish supplier, from the company Dancoal, supplies big German chain stores, whether direct or between handlers with charcoal. It is especially notable, that a big amount of the coal that comes from Nigeria, is being decreased by companies to export to Poland – to which the Nigerian environment department says is illegal. Despite the warnings and the evidence from the WWF in the previous year, it appears that the German customers are still being supplied with ‘muck products’. The industry cloaks itself in silence. Neither do you find an indication on the packaging about endangered types of wood in high – risk countries, nor were BIAG (Barbeque Industry Association Grillverband) willing to answer the WWF’s questions or give them any type of outcome...


Read The German Version of the article
Read The English Version of the article
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